Pirate Shipwreck Whyda Galley-mkdv-02

Reference-and-Education The Whydah was first discovered in London, England back in 1715. It was designed in the style of the galley. This three-masted ship extended up to 31 meters, rated at 300 tons of load and could journey to a speed reaching 13 knots. Whydah was named after the barter town of Ouidah in West Africa. Whydah was built up as trading and transport ship. It was used to carry heavy loads for trading and was also used for the Atlantic slave trade, transmitting goods from England in exchange for West African slaves. Whydah would then proceed to the Caribbean to exchange the slaves for prized sugar, indigo metals and medicinal ingredients. These products would then be shipped back to England. The Whydah signified one of the most enhanced weapons systems back then, among them was the eighteen six-pound cannons. Since it was the time of war, these cannons could be augmented to twenty-eight in total, making the ship even more powerful. By late February of 1717, the Whydah was attacked by pirates who were led by Black Sam. His real name is Samuel "Black Sam" Bellamy. When the attack happened, the Whydah was under the authority of Captain Lawrence Prince and was steering through the Windward Passage amid Cuba and Hispaniola. When the Whydah was captured, Sam Bellamy had already seized two other vessels, the converted 10-gun sloop Marianne and the 26-gun galley Sultana. After being chased for three days, Prince gave up his ship after a haphazard canon fire exchange. Bellamy then opted to use the Whydah as his latest flagship; some of its crew stayed with their ship and became members of the pirate gang. Bellamy bestowed Prince with the Sultana as well as 20 in gold and silver. This was done as a gesture of goodwill since the captain surrendered without a fight and was also liked by the pirate crew. Thomas Davis, one of the Whydah wreckage survivors, had been pushed into service when his vessel was detained by Sam Bellamy. When he went to court upon being caught he was exonerated of all charges and was even spared the gallows. This could possibly be due to the interference of renowned puritan minister Cotton Mather. The other Whydah wreckage survivor, a Miskito Indian called John Julian, was not put in trial but was sold into slavery instead. Those who died include Bellamy himself, and a boy, named John King who was probably between the ages of 9 and 11. It was young John’s choice to join the crew, after Bellamy captured the vessel on which he and his mother were on. In April 26, 1717, Whydah encountered a furious storm near Cape Cod. Whydah drifted into Wellfleet, Massachusetts and swiftly broke apart. Dozens of wreckers or moon cussers were already getting the remains. Soon they found out that Sam Bellamy has been killed when the ship sank. Whydah sank with nearly four and a half tons of gold, gold dust, silver and jewelry kept in chests beneath the ship’s deck. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: