The company’s organizational structure choice u, h or m creditcard.ccb.com

Organizational structure choice: U, H or M? The sina finance leaders column (WeChat public kopleader) columnist Chen Guanglei, although born in England, but the modern management science revolution was born in the United states. This is closely related to the United States in the late twentieth Century and early nineteenth Century emerged a large number of outstanding industrial giants, and lead the world in terms of organizational structure innovation. American enterprise organization management innovation and organizational structure evolution while the company was born in Britain, but the modern management science revolution was born in the United states. This is closely related to the United States in the late twentieth Century and early nineteenth Century emerged a large number of outstanding industrial giants, and lead the world in terms of organizational structure innovation. Before 1840, the United States does not have the modern enterprise, enterprise management as an independent activity does not exist, the traditional single unit operating a single product, undertake a kind of economic function and operating in an area (yuan) (such as business owners and managers in one) is the only organization form, rarely organizational innovation (Chandler, 1987). However, the disposable income, population distribution and technology revolution, in order to achieve economies of scale, as far as possible to improve the ability of market competition and efficiency, the traditional single unit enterprises began to realize scale expansion through horizontal or vertical integration, it is necessary for the initial by the number of units to carry out the business activities of the "inside" with the coordination and management of market transactions, replace (price) mechanism. Modern industrial and commercial enterprises (such as oil, iron and steel, tobacco, etc.) at the beginning of the birth are in accordance with a single product line to establish the same (Unitary) type of organizational structure. This means that in order to achieve economies of scale, it is necessary to establish the vertical communication and lines of authority between headquarters and the grass-roots units, and by the functional departments (staff) responsible for handling the standards and procedures of affairs, in line with advisers (line-stuff authority) is one of the basic features of U type organization until 60s has always been the mainstream form. In the U organization, the main operating units are functional departments (such as production, sales, finance, etc.). U type organizational structure is also used in the past and now many enterprises, especially small and medium enterprises in the form of organizational structure. With the U company to achieve horizontal and vertical integration, market power is greatly enhanced (although it can trigger antitrust intervention) and to achieve economies of scale, but the company in accordance with the centralized function division in the operational aspects of the inherent limitation of internal efficiency "accumulated out of control, and the authorities are subject to limited rationality with the standard and opportunism tendency, moreover, between the shareholders and the management authorities of different levels of management within the authorities still exist the problem of asymmetric information. These problems led to the company can not achieve the overall goal of maximizing profit. The growth process of large enterprises in the United States can be divided into four stages: the accumulation of resources, resources reasonable use, expansion into new markets and product lines to ensure sustainable growth, sustainable and efficient use of resources to adapt to the changing of the short-term market fluctuations and long-term trends and changes in organizational structure. In these four stages of development, enterprises)相关的主题文章: